Monday 21 December 2009

Snowed under

Eight inches of snow fell on the North Yorkshire Moors last Thursday. Not good as we were travelling back to York with hedgehogs in tow. All hedgies in the sanctuary, bar one, are now in a heated unit as the temperature fell to -13 one night, with the threat of more snow still to come. No chances are being taken with all the guys who have struggled to make it through so far. Roger is actually still in the kitchen, living it up in the Quail brooder and sharing the kitchen with Benjamin the rabbit. Benjamin has been in the wars having been bitten by a rat in his open outside run, followed by an urgent operation to remove the abscess, and is now recuperating.
Roll on the warm weather when all the little guys can go back outside and back to the wild.

Monday 14 December 2009

Roger fights back

Roger was not going to be beaten easily. Life was too good and after all Christmas was just round the corner and he was eagerly anticipating his presents. He seemed to be being monitored round the clock judging from the number of times his towel was lifted up and he was checked. As if by a miracle, after the unbelievably short time of 3 days, he started to make a recovery and bounced back into the land of the living. This time he bypassed the scrambled egg (rather ungrateful thought the carer who had prepared it just how he used to like it - slightly warm and not too over-done). But no, this time he was going straight for the pedigree chum puppy meat. He still wasn't feeling a hundred per cent though and was being topped up with esbilac. Things are looking good again for Roger.

ACTION: Keep in the kitchen and continue with treatment regime i.e. Baytril, Septrin, Telmin; continue syringe feeding Esbilac.

Sunday 13 December 2009

Roger goes off his food

Roger stopped eating. At the turn of midnight 2 days ago he lost all interest in food. The temperature fell below zero in the night, the water in the bird bath had frozen solid and Roger had pneumonia - again!
Before there was time for self-pity to kick in he was moved to the Quail brooder in the kitchen faster than the blink of an eye, faster than a Roe deer taking flight and certainly faster than Roger moved on an average day.
Now in intensive care his spirits rallied and he saw a ray of hope on the horizon. In his quiet, contemplative moments he reflected on the fact that he had seen stardom in his life and his fame was spreading...

ACTION: Keep warm and dry in kitchen; Start regime of Baytril (oral antibiotic) 0.5ml twice a day for 7 days; start Septrin (sulphonamide and antibiotic that deals with certain bacterial infections and also protozoans that cause Coccidiosis, indicated by green poo); Start Telmin for lung worm, Crenosoma striatum,(1 ml a day for 5 days); syringe feed esbilac several times a day to keep Roger hydrated.
N.B. When syringe feeding it is always best to hold a hedgehog in the most upright position possible. This prevents any liquid from being breathed in by accident. This is particularly important with baby hedgehogs that can develop inhalation pneumonia by inadvertently breathing in fluid which then reaches their lungs. With Roger this was the only position that worked, though I tried to hold him more on one side whenever possible.

Friday 11 December 2009

Smelling the roses

Amos and Billie had won through and their spines had grown back. They now looked fantastic and were ready to pose for photographs. Billie, in particular, thought he would look good in the 'Ah Bisto' ad from days gone by. They still lived in the old Quail brooder in the kitchen as no chances were being taken with them. After all they had been through so much and come so far.

Thursday 10 December 2009


Joss passed away over night. Help had arrived too late. By the time he arrived at the hedgehog sanctuary he had been starving for days and possibly weeks. Despite every effort being made, nothing could save him. Heartbreaking to see and so frustrating. If only he had been found sooner and been taken into the warm and safe surroundings, aptly named 'sanctuary'.

ACTION: Many people see hedgehogs wandering about in the daytime for several days before they decide to act. This is not usually due to a lack of caring but because they see posters telling them not to pick up baby birds they see on their own, as the parents will be watching the baby, just waiting for the person to go so they can return to feed their baby. This is completely true. The same is also true for young foxes and deer. The mother will be watching and waiting near by and unless the young fox or deer is obviously in distress or injured, it should be left totally alone. However, the same is not true of hedgehogs. Any hedgehog found out in the day is desperately in need of help. At this time of year, any hedgehog found out in the day, or hedgehogs weighing less than 500g, should be taken into care. The minimum weight that a hedgehog is expected to be before hibernation is 600g. At the moment, in Britain, it is quite mild and in Yorkshire hedgehogs do not appear to have started to hibernate. Those weighing less than 500g at the moment, will most likely not gain enough weight to be able to survive hibernation.

Roger becomes a star

Roger couldn't quite believe his meteoroic rise to fame. It was hard to take in for a humble hedgehog such as himself. One minute he was going about his normal humdrum existence - sit and wait each morning for breakfast, his house to be cleaned, his bed to be made up nice and fresh, just as he liked it, supper laid on in the evening.... in a word all his needs were met and he wanted for nothing - the next minute, without a word of warning, he was propelled into the limelight. He had always wondered what was meant by 'the limelight' and now he knew. On Wednesday November 25, 2009, he was abruptly woken from his morning slumber to find a television camera aimed directly at him. But Roger was not a hedgehog that was phased easily. He took it all in his stride and posed for the camera, taking care to always show his good side.
Having performed for the camera he went back to his bed and slept for the rest of the day. Little did he know that he had been catapulted into the stratosphere of the world of fame, and had done his bit to highlight the plight of hedgehogs in Britain today. All throughout Yorkshire people watching Look North on their televisions that evening commented on how calm and collected Roger had appeared for what was actually his debut in the world of television.
Roger had become a star!!

Wednesday 9 December 2009

An uphill struggle

Joss was taken to the vet yesterday as he is losing weight and hadn't had a good night. He slept better last night, wrapped in a very cosy, soft blanket, and half on a heat pad to make sure that he didn't feel the night chill. Fingers crossed that he makes it but it isn't looking good at the moment.

ACTION: At vet yesterday: subcutaneous fluids administered; injection of Droncit for intestinal flukes; syringe-fed Esbilac milk substitute at regular intervals; started Septrin (a sulphonamide that kills protozoan infestations such as those that cause Coccidiosis) yesterday also (0.5ml once a day for 5 days) as signs of Coccidiosis infection; heat pad on day and night but able to move off it easily if he gets too hot. Hedgehogs can't sweat so it is important that he doesn't overheat.

Monday 7 December 2009

The one that came in from the cold

That was a narrow escape thought Joss. Snatched from the streets of York on a freezing cold day with not a heat pad to be seen anywhere he arrived to a warm welcome and a nice bed. On his spindly legs he looked quite tall, as hedgehogs often do, but curled into a ball he looked tiny. Born to one of the late litters he had had a narrow escape, but he was not out of the woods yet.

ACTION: Weight on arrival(Dec 6) 241g; 1 tick removed; very thin; syringe fed esbilac, as much as he'll take (normally about 10ml 3 times a day); Day 3 (Dec 8) started on Telmin (0.5 ml once a day for 5 days) for worms; not eating any pedigree chum puppy food, just dried biscuits (Iams) and esbilac; kitchen with heat pad on day and night. Minimum recommended weight needed to survive hibernation = 600g.

Thursday 3 December 2009

Onwards and upwards

Things were looking good for Amos and Billie. After 10 days on the brilliant new regime for treating mange and ringworm their spines had stopped falling out! To be honest they still looked pretty moth-eaten and Billie, in particular, had no desire to be seen out in public at the moment. He tried to hide his bad hair under the blanket but couldn't resist scrambled egg, when it arrived warm and smelling very appetising, temporarily forgetting his bad hair and rushing out to tuck in to the feast.

At this stage they had also put lots of weight on and become a little chubby looking which could only be a good thing considering how they had started out. Amos now kicked in at 273g (52g heavier) and Billie, in the other corner, at 263g (80g heavier). To say they were feeling happier with life would be an understatement!
All their needs were met and they were still living in the kitchen, cosy and warm with an assortment of food for whenever they felt like a snack. The good times carried on...

ACTION: Continue with occasional applications of Tea Tree antiseptic cream and Neem oil to bald areas.

Not a good look!

Amos and Billie put on weight at a great rate of knots. Despite still having abscesses which needed regular attention, in the next 10 days Amos reached 221g and Billie managed 181g. Things were looking good until suddenly they started to become bald! Overnight their spines started to fall out and they assumed a very strange appearance. How could this be when they were doing so well. They became slightly depressed when they realised they weren't looking their best and hoped that help would be on hand, as indeed there was - all was not lost.....

ACTION: Vet for Ivermec injection to kill mange mites; Tea Tree antiseptic cream dripped sparingly onto bald areas to kill mange mites and ringworm (which is caused by a fungus); Neem oil also used as recommended for these skin conditions; started oral administration of Baytril (0.2ml twice a day for 7 days) to help healing of abscesses.

Monday 30 November 2009

And then there were two..

Sadly, Callie didn't make it. The wounds he had received from the dog bite were too serious.He died in his sleep after a week, but was cosy and secure with his brothers keeping him warm either side of him.

Amos and Billie were now brothers in arms and they vowed to fight on.

ACTION: Weight: Amos = 126g, Billie = 125g; Seven-day course of Baytril finished today (0.1ml twice a day for a week); still in kitchen on heat pad; food = esbilac (milk-substitute for puppies); Cow's milk can never be given to hedgehogs as they are lactose intolerant and it makes them poorly.

Sunday 8 November 2009

A terrible day

Amos, Billie and Callie had had a really dreadful start to their day. At two o'clock in the morning a dog had come to their nest and dragged them all out. Their mother and one of their brothers had been killed by the dog and they and their sister were taken to the RSPCA in York by the person who found them the next day in their garden.
Sadly, their sister did not survive the day, leaving Amos, Billie and Callie to face the world alone. They were picked up the same day and taken to the hedgehog hospital for emergency care and treatment.

Action: Fuciderm ointment put on all bite wounds which had quickly developed into abscesses; all given esbilac which they lapped on their own; all started on a regime of Baytril (oral antibiotic)(0.1ml twice day for seven days); all given access to a heat pad. Weight: Amos = 126.2g, Billie = 135.8g, Callie = 93.2g. They were all marked using emulsion paint to distinguish them from one another. A small amount was painted on the spines in a different place on each of them.

Friday 6 November 2009

Roger's Friends

Amos, Billie and Callie arrive at the sanctuary

Roger had friends. Of that he was quite sure. He hadn't actually met any of them yet but he knew they were out there somewhere, and when the moment was right he would meet them.

Time was not an issue with Roger - he had all the time in the world. Life was good being a hedgehog.

Action: Keep in Quail brooder in kitchen (intensive care unit), put on a heat pad, hand-feed esbilac using 1 ml syringe, several times a day, start regimen of Baytril antibiotic administered orally twice a day.

Tuesday 3 November 2009

Roger's exciting adventure

Winter was fast approaching and Roger was not a good candidate for releasing back to the wild. Earlier in the autumn he had narrowly escaped with his life after a serious bout of pneumonia and had adjusted well to a life of comfort and ease.
Was he going stir crazy? Hard to tell as had adopted a fixed routine: Rushes out of his bedroom when he his name being called, stuffs himself with Pedigree Chum Puppy Food, poos, wees and returns to bed. Seems pretty happy by all accounts.
But what of the wider world? What lay outside? Unceremoniously he found himself removed to the garden amongst the grass and plants - okay so far he thought (or rather grumbled to himself) for Roger, as you will have gathered by now, is a hedgehog with attitude.
After a ramble round the garden he seemed satisfied that all in the world was as he had left it. He was returned to his deluxe house to a clean bed and yet more food and settled down to a dreamless sleep.
Adventure over for this day at least!
Action: Leave in 4 foot hutch in shed and encourage Roger to eat more dried food so he doesn't get tooth decay from eating too much soft food. Weight = 990g

Saturday 31 October 2009

Roger moves house

The day had come for the move. Roger was not expecting it and had not been warned in advance. Nonetheless his new house was everything he could have hoped for. A 4 foot hutch with a sleeping area at one end. The only downside was the rather inappropriate painting of a guinea pig on the front. Still, he could live with that he supposed. He breathed a sigh of relief........ This was a pretty good outcome all things being considered. After eating his way through a plate of puppy food he made his way into his bedroom area, which looked cosy and inviting, and tucked himself into his blanket for a nap.

Action: keep a close eye on weight now moved from heated area; continue to feed Pedigree Chum puppy food and dry hedgehog food, with water available at all times.

Thursday 29 October 2009

The scrambled egg breakthrough!

Today, without a word of warning, Roger decided that after all he might like egg.
Once he'd started eating there was no stopping him. He wolfed it down and put weight on at speed.

Action: Feeding egg; continuing with antibiotic oral Baytril (0.5 ml twice a day); offering dry hedgehog food as well as Pedigree Puppy food. Weight = 720g

Monday 26 October 2009

Food on demand

In the ensuing days Roger was strongly encouraged to feed himself. But he was having none of it. Why bother to feed yourself when someone else will do it for you was his motto.

No morsel of scrambled egg would he let touch his lips.

It was hard going looking after Roger.

Wednesday 21 October 2009

Tales from the hedgehog sanctuary

Roger's Story in Retrospect

Roger wasn't having a good day. Shipped from pillar to post he now found himself in rehab. As, at no point did he recall taking any drugs, he was a little fazed at this turn of events. And throughout it all he had been gasping for breath, his sides moving in and out like there was no tomorrow, Indeed there might well have been no tomorrow if he hadn't been noticed by a passerby and shipped off to where he found himself now.

No energy or desire to eat he now found himself being spoon fed, or rather syringe fed, a strange but nice milk substitute. Roger was now on the road to recovery.
Action: Vet; Diagnosis: pneumonia; Treatment: antibiotics +